By studying how the early Christians believed and lived, we can learn many valuable lessons on what to avoid and what to strive for today. The Roman world had many facets that are strikingly similar to elements of modern life. The author states that some of the problems in our modern world can only be overcome by largely forgotten Christian virtues. His aim is to help the reader learn how we can transform modern culture with the power of the Gospel as was done in these centuries of the early Church.
Besides the inspiring practical example of the lives of the early Christians, the author also emphasizes the importance of being able to clearly trace the development of many key Christian doctrines and beliefs including the origin of the Sacraments, belief in the Trinity, the divinity and humanity of Christ, Apostolic Succession and other tenets of the faith. But the main focus is on the lives of the early Christians and how many of them achieved a level of spiritual grandeur we can only marvel at today.